Together with increasing world population, developing technology and rapid industrialization process bring about environmental pollution. Nowadays, cleaning environment from industrial wastes and pollutants is of utmost importance. Some organic materials, produced by the majority of textile waste, cause environmental pollution. Many dyestuffs, which are hazardous for environment, can be released to environment by industrial organizations without having any precaution. Textile dyestuffs, being above certain concentrations, can cause poisoning of aquatic organisms. Dyestuffs can be classified as following: Anionic: Direct, acid and reactive dyes Cationic: Basic dyes Nonionic: Disperse dyes It can be said that most problematic group of dyes used in the textile industry is the group of reactive dyes. Analyzing performed studies shows that these views are supported. Today, adsorption techniques are gaining ground due to efficiency in removal of too stable pollutants. Adsorption is, economically, a reasonable method and we can say that it provides formation of high quality products. With the development of industry search for materials, to be used as adsorbent for removal of factory wastes and water-soluable dyestuffs from water, accelerates. In our study, from natural adsorbents diatomite(Çaldıran/VAN) is used as an adsorbent material. The removal of natural red and basic blue from aqueous solution using diatomite, was investigated with respect to the adsorbent dose (0,02 g), initial concentration (20-140 mg/L), temperature (between 25 and 450C), on batch adsorption were studied as a function of contact time. The lineer Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin adsorption equations were applied to describe the equilibrium isotherms. In addition, the pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order and intraparticle diffusion models were used to determine the kinetic data. The experimental data were well fitted by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Thermodynamic parameters such as the enthalpy (ΔH0), Gibbs free energy (ΔG0) and entropy (ΔS0) shoved spontaneous and endothermic in nature of adsorption for both of adsorbents.

Salih Alkan, Meliha Çalişkan, İlhan Irende and Ali Rıza Kul