This paper presents a comprehensive picture of the quantity of water of 51 different localities of upper. Dir and lower Dir districts, NWFP, Pakistan. Samples of springs , wells, streams and rivers water were collected and investigated for both physical and chemical parameter like pH, conductance, total solids, total dissolved solids, total hardness, total alkalinity, chloride, sulphate, nitrate, iodide , fluoride, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, zinc, iron and copper for quality assessments. The levels of these parameters were compared with the permissible levels recommended by international agencies. Most of the parameters were observed to be within the permissible limits but some have exceeded. The water of springs at Dir high school No.1 and at road side near Muhansharif were found non-potable because of high level of total solids than that recommended by world Health Organization (WHO). The total hardness of water of well on road side at village Rani of springs at road side near Muhansharif, of spring at front of high school No. 1 at Dir and of well at khal bazaar was high than that permitted by American Public Health Associate APHA). The level of sulphate of Nehagdara stream at Wari bridge and of spring at Muhansharif and the level of calcium of water of well at khal bazaar exceed the limits recommended by WHO. All the water samples were deficient in zinc, fluoride and iodide. The importance and implications of the levels of all the parameters investigated have been elabored.