Polyaniline (PANI)/Titanium dioxide (TiO2) composites were prepared by polymerization of aniline in the presence of TiO2 using inverse emulsion polymerization protocol. In this method 2-butanol and chloroform were used as dispersing media and the materials were tested for corrosion protection of stainless steel in Indian Ocean water. The amount of aniline, oxidant (Benzoyl peroxide), Dodecylbenzenesulphonic acid (DBSA) surfactant and metal oxide (TiO2) were varied in the reaction bath for optimum yield. The as-synthesized PANI and PANI-TiO2 composites were soluble in a number of common organic solvents and characterized with Ultravilot-visivble (UV¬-Vis) and Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FT-IR) spectroscopies. The surface morphology, particle size and crystinality were determined with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and X-Rays Diffraction (XRD) analysis. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was employed to determine thermal stability of the composite. The total mass loss was found to be 58% in PANI as compared to 22% in PANI-TiO2 showing comparatively higher thermal stability of the composites. The composites were electrochemically active in acidic medium and reduced corrosion rate of steel to 0.9083 mm/ year Indian Ocean water. Finally it was concluded that PANI-TiO2 composites could be employed as anticorrosive coatings for steel in aggressive corrosive environment

Anwar-ul-Haq Ali Shah, Saima Shaheen, Muhammad Kamran, Humaira Seema Rizwan Ullah and Salma Bilal