In the search for antileishmanial drug, tetradentate Schiff base ligand 2-{(E)-[(2-{[(Z)-(2-hydroxyphenyl)methylidene]amino}phenyl)imino]methyl}phenol (H2L) was reacted with transition metal ions to yield the complexes of the composition ML [where M = Co (II), Ni (II), Cu (II), & Zn (II)]. The copper based compound 3 (IC50 = 5.857 µM) showed activities even higher than the standard drug. TG and DTA analyses under static air in the temperature range 30-1000 oC were also observed for all the compounds. The TG-DTA analyses and the subsequent themodynamic and kinetic parameters calculated using the TG-DTA curves, have potential relevance for the biological activities. Horowitz–Metzger method was applied for calculating the activation energies and order of pyrolysis. Thermodynamic parameters like ∆S*, ∆H* and ∆G* were subsequently calculated using the corresponding expressions. The order of decreasing thermal stability and decreasing activation energy follow the orders Ni(II) ˃Co(II)˃Zn(II) ˃Cu(II) and E*Cu˃E*Co˃E*Ni˃E*Zn, respectively.

Muhammad Ikram, Sadia Rehman, Qaisar Jamal and Akram Shah