Polyaniline and zinc oxide nanoparticles were successfully synthesized through inverse emulsion polymerization method and hydrothermal method respectively. For ammonia gas sensing using LCR meter thin film of the composite was fabricated by using spin coater. The functional groups, morphological, optical, structural properties of zinc oxide nanoparticles, polyaniline (emeraldine salt) and composites were investigated by FTIR spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV- Visible spectroscopy and XRD analysis. The formation of ZnO particles of different shapes in the nano range was confirmed from UV-visible and XRD analysis. UV visible spectrum shows the formation of nanoparticles of ZnO. Thin film of Polyaniline/zinc oxide composites were deposited on the surface of copper interdigitated electrode. The fabricated device showed sensitivity to ammonia gas (NH3) at ambient temperature (300 K). It was observed that the resistance is decreases with the increase of volume of ammonia gas. The electrical properties were also investigated of the different concentration of nanocomposite. Optimum sensing response was achieved with PANI in the presence of 50 wt% ZnO nanoparticles. It may also be inferred from this study that the solution mixing process to produce composites has promising future if handled carefully.

Naimat Ullah, Anwar -Ul-Haq Ali Shah, Fazal Akbar Jan, Rotaba Ansir, Wali Muhammad