Present study reports the potential use of HPLC coupled with principle component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLSDA), for differentiation of approved mungbean variety from the promising lines based on minor saccharides profiles. A total of 48 mungbean samples from one approved variety and seven promising lines were analyzed for minor saccharides using HPLC and multivariate statistical analysis. PCA showed a clear separation among the classes. PLSDA was conducted to extract the variables that were responsible for the separation of mungbean approved variety from the lines. Maltoheptaose, maltohexaose, maltopentaose, maltotretraose, maltitol, maltose, mannitole, betaine varied significantly while stachyose, raffinose, sucrose, lectitol, dulcitol, xylitol, galactose showed non-significant differences. Maltoheptaose, maltohexaose, maltotretraose, maltitol, mannitole and galactose were found as the most abundant compounds while stachyose, raffinose, sucrose, lectitol and betaine were found less abundant in all lines and approved variety of V. radiata. The study highlights metabolic variation among mungbean variety and lines for minor saccharides profiles and its usefulness for consumers to choose for their desired variety or line as well as for breeders to look into the genetic factors responsible for this variation.

Mudasir Majeed, Abdullah Ijaz Hussain, Shahzad Ali Shahid Chatha, Ghulam Mustafa Kamal and Qasim Ali