The present study was aimed to synthesize and characterize a series of Pd(II)-benzohydrazide complexes with subsequent high throughput screening to seek their effects as enzyme inhibitors and antiglycating agents. Based on complete characterization via elemental (CHN, Pd) analysis, physical (conductivity, magnetic moment) measurements and spectral (FT-IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR) techniques, all Pd(II) complexes were identified as diamagnetic, neutral and orienting in trans square planar geometry with general formula [PdL2Cl2]. The benzohydrazide (L) in these complexes depicts monodentate behavior, providing terminal amino nitrogen as a donor atom. Compared to inactive precursors (free benzohydrazides and Pd2+), almost all Pd(II) complexes showed in vitro antiglycation activity, illustrating the potential role of resulting complexes in the suppression of diabetes and related disorders. The presence of free carbonyl group in complexes has been recognized as possible cause of antiglycation. This study also indicated Pd(II) compounds as far more superior inhibitors of urease and phosphodiesterase-I than parent ligands; many of them exhibited inhibitions equivalent or even greater than the standard inhibitors (thiourea, urease; EDTA, phosphodiesterase), which shows their potential use in future in the control of peptic ulcer and arthritis, respectively. The structure activity relationship (SAR) study demonstrated that complexation, steric hindrance, position of substituents, electron density around metal centre, hydrogen bonding and coordination mode of complexed ligands play prime role in modulating the biological activities of complexes.

Qurrat-ul-Ain, Saima Rasheed, Mohammad Mahroof-Tahir, Uzma Ashiq, Rifat Ara Jamal, Sumaira Khurshid and Sana Mustafa